Malaxis Sol. ex Sw.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Dwarf terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic herb with creeping rhizomes or fusiform tuberous roots.
Morphology Stem
Stems leafy, ± swollen at the base; leaves thin-textured, plicate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, terminal, racemose or subumbellate, few- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, resupinate in the Flora Zambesiaca area, green, yellow-green, buff, orange or purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals free, similar or dissimilar, lip larger than tepals, entire or lobed, often ± auriculate at the base; often with dentate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short; stigma ventral; anther terminal; pollinia ovoid, 4 in 2 pairs joined at the base.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small terrestrial lithophytic or epiphytic herbs arising from a creeping rhizome
Morphology Stem
Secondary stems erect, leafy, ± swollen at base, clustered or not, 1–several-leaved
Morphology Leaves
Leaves thin-textured, plicate, mostly ovate or broadly ovate, with sheathing ± elongate leaf-bases
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, erect, mostly densely many-flowered, racemose to subumbellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mostly small, non-resupinate, green, buff, orange, or purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals subsimilar or petals filiform, spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip larger than other floral segments, flat, entire or lobed, ± auriculate at base on either side of column, margins ± toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column short, porrect, ± auriculate; stigma ventral; anther terminal, flap-like; pollinia ovoid, 4 in 2 pairs joined at base.

Native to:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baltic States, Belarus, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

California, Hungary

Malaxis Sol. ex Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [612], Cameroon K000107221
Feb 1, 1998 Yong, R. [107] 70788.000
Feb 1, 1998 Yong, R. [107] 70817.000
Barnes, E. [2306A], India 20552.000
India 23187.000
Barnes, E. [1384], India 23188.000
Mason, L.M. [1817], New Guinea 28679.000
Mason, L.M. [2449], New Caledonia 33314.000
Paterson, A. [134], Indonesia 35152.000
Cribb, P.J. [S 66], Papua New Guinea 43123.000
Cribb, P.J. [S 50], Solomon Is. 43125.000
Cribb, P.J. [S 180], Papua New Guinea 44067.000
Cribb, P. [5064], Solomon Is. 48691.000
Cribb, P. [5003], Solomon Is. 48692.000
Cribb, P. [5004], Solomon Is. 48696.000
Wickison, S. [127], Solomon Is. 53554.000
Lewis, B. [135], Vanuatu 54951.000
Lohok, H. [1], Malaysia 56833.000
Wubben, J. [s.n.] 70350.000
Barker, C. [45], Indonesia 72360.000
Lamb, A. [AL409/85], Sabah 72837.000
Lamb, A. [AL1091/88], Sabah 72844.000
Lamb, A. [AL1461/92], Sabah 72853.000
Lamb, A. [AL89/83], Sabah 72976.000
Dickson, M.D. [MD115], Indonesia 73097.000
Sano, P.T. [H52189], Brazil 73112.000
Chase, M.W. [83299], Mexico 75249.000
Odgers [101] 77397.000
Etuge, M. [0 s.n.1], Cameroon K000510913
Longman, W. [s.n.], Brazil K000940646
Humbert, H. [25340], Madagascar K000718468

First published in Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 119 (1778)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 119 (1788)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bentham, Gen. Pl. 3: 493 (1883).
  • Prodr.: 119 (1788);

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Benth. in G.P. 3: 493 (1883)
  • Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. [Nova genera et species plantarum seu prodromus]: 119 (1788)
  • in Veg. Acad. Nya Handl. Stockholm 21: 233 (1800)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0