Epidendrum L.

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 2.: 1347 (1763), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & Subtropical America.


Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Central American Pacific Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Hawaii, St.Helena


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One). Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [592] Ecuador K000718726 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [1136] Ecuador K000718721 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [742] Ecuador K000718725 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [711] Ecuador K000718724 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [1118] Ecuador K000718720 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [136] Ecuador K000718719 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [720] Ecuador K000718718 Yes
Mar 13, 2013 Lugo, S.H. [593] Ecuador K000718728 No
Jan 1, 2012 Pereira, B.A.S. [2360] Brazil K000878180 Yes
Feb 1, 2011 Redden, K.M., et al. [5293] Guyana K000718147 Yes
Sep 1, 2010 Ybert, J.P. [713] Bolivia K000396216 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Perea, J.; Flores, V. [2790] Peru K000718558 Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Ekman, E.L. [4030] Haiti K000583746 Isolectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Hágaster, E. [1387] Mexico K000583765 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Soto, M.A; Martínez, E. [5582] Mexico K000583759 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Hágsater, E. [11472] Ecuador K000583861 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Hágsater, E. [8440] Colombia K000583956 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Sánchez, L.; García-Cruz, J.; Lepiz, E. [459] Costa Rica K000463410 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Hágsater, E; Valdivieso, P.O; Schnitter, R.; Patiño de Ruiz, C.L. [11504] Colombia K000583859 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Hagaster, E; Thurston, W; Thurston, B. [4306] Mexico K000583751 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1996 Hágsater, E. [6526] Panama K000583782 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Hágsater, E. [6662] Mexico K000583752 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Hágsater, E. [5948] Venezuela K000583798 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Hágsater, E [5778] Guatemala K000583775 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Jiménez, R; Garcia-Cruz, J. [1023] Mexico K000583762 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Hágsater, E. [6299] Panama K000583807 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1989 Dodson, C.H.; Escobar, R. [18123] Colombia K001445875 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Guatemala K000583754 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Hagsater, E; Dressler [6519] Panama K000463485 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Hágsater [5727] Mexico K000583774 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Hágsater [2073] Mexico K000583755 Type No
Jan 1, 1986 Hágaster, E. [4308] Mexico K000583764 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1900 Hágsater, E. [9590] Ecuador K000583777 Type Yes
Hajek, F. [37] Peru K:SPC-60184.000 No
Laessoe, T.; Sano, P.T. [H50892] Brazil K:SPC-73114.000 No
Colombia K:SPC-50221.000 No
Philcox, D. [6318] Guyana K:SPC-42682.000 No
K:SPC-73304.000 No
K:SPC-18370.000 No
K:SPC-20175.000 No
Taylor, P. [16323] Ecuador K:SPC-41531.000 No
Pollard [R-33] Mexico K:SPC-76715.000 No
Guyana K000583723 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hajek, F. [68] Peru K:SPC-60174.000 No
K:SPC-06801.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000943815 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sandwith, N.Y. [1329] Guyana K:SPC-09311.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-19261.000 No
Mandon, G. [1145] Bolivia K000583962 Type Yes
Holm-Nielsen, L.B. [18374] Ecuador K000395692 Yes
Grubb, P.J. [815] Colombia K:SPC-25323.000 No
Hágaster, E; Horich, C.K; Dressler, L; Thurston, W., B. [6754] Costa Rica K000583763 Type Yes
Taylor, P. [16309] Ecuador K:SPC-41522.000 No
K:SPC-00562.000 No
Pennington, T.D. [5549] Ecuador K:SPC-29737.000 No
Hajek, F. [38] Peru K:SPC-60185.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2223] Costa Rica K:SPC-31972.000 No
K:SPC-27747.000 No
K:SPC-21513.000 No
Dayton, N.M.; Goercke, B. [2051] Ecuador K:SPC-57140.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1818] Peru K:SPC-28673.000 No
Taylor, P. [16340] Ecuador K:SPC-41535.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [1328] Guyana K:SPC-09310.000 No
Taylor, P. [16319] Ecuador K:SPC-41528.000 No
K:SPC-28509.000 No
K:SPC-25604.000 No
Lugo, H.S. [1202] Ecuador K000718752 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000943814 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-24830.000 No
Taylor, P. [16357] Ecuador K:SPC-41551.000 No
Taylor, P. [16356] Ecuador K:SPC-41550.000 No
Nic Lughadha, E.; Queiroz, R.F. [H53359] Brazil K:SPC-57933.000 No
Taylor, P. [13252] Ecuador K:SPC-41653.000 No
K:SPC-20177.000 No
K:SPC-21507.000 No
Angell, E.E.M. Mexico K:SPC-28833.000 No
K:SPC-18364.000 No
Lehmann, F.C. [6846] Colombia K000583811 Type Yes
Cameron Mexico K:SPC-33986.000 No
K:SPC-20141.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2682] Brazil K:SPC-33199.000 No
Taylor, P. [16369] Ecuador K:SPC-41635.000 No
Pennington, T.D. [5540] Ecuador K:SPC-29732.000 No
K:SPC-19721.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-19256.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1001] Brazil K:SPC-37905.000 No
K:SPC-25317.000 No
Taylor, P. [16322] Ecuador K:SPC-41538.000 No
K:SPC-24856.000 No
Powell, C.W. [138] Panama K000583830 Syntype Yes
Philcox, D. [7626] K:SPC-36174.000 No
K:SPC-05691.000 No
Adams, B.R. [s.n.] Belize K:SPC-29047.969 No
Brazil K:SPC-40395.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [811] Colombia K:SPC-27027.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K000878151 Yes
K:SPC-05682.000 No
K:SPC-19716.000 No
Peru K:SPC-03037.000 No
Taylor, P. [16287] Ecuador K:SPC-41582.000 No
Guyana K:SPC-33225.000 No
K:SPC-19700.000 No
Dunsterville, G.C.K. [109] Venezuela K:SPC-34255.000 No
Warr, G. [14] Nicaragua K:SPC-23628.000 No
K:SPC-20187.000 No
Guyana K000583724 Unknown Type Material Yes
Taylor, P. [13244] Ecuador K:SPC-41652.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [815] Colombia K:SPC-27033.000 No
Hágsater, E,, Dressler, R.L; Horich, C; Thurston, W.B. [6696] Costa Rica K000463482 Type Yes
Dressler sub Hagsater [6297] Panama K000463407 Unknown Type Material Yes
Spruce, R. [4158] Peru K000201535 Yes
McConnell, F.V; Quelch, J.J. [697] Guyana K000583712 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-09304.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1834] Peru K:SPC-28698.000 No
K:SPC-18386.000 No
Harley, R.; Erskine, C. [E 142] Brazil K:SPC-40386.000 No
Cusi, S. [s.n.] Mexico K000583778 Type Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Ecuador K000201533 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Ecuador K000201536 Yes
Fleming, V. [VF 46] Ecuador K:SPC-61882.000 No
Mason, L.M. [186] Costa Rica K:SPC-38851.000 No
Brazil K:SPC-40351.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000943813 Unknown Type Material Yes
Costa Rica K:SPC-48549.000 No
Donlan [6] Ecuador K:SPC-50296.000 No
K:SPC-46178.000 No
Dunstenville, GCK [188] Venezuela K:SPC-34887.000 No
K:SPC-19264.000 No
Holm-Nielsen, L; Jeppesen, S; Løjtnant, B; Øllgaard, B. [3001] Ecuador K000583795 Isotype Yes
Dressler, R.L. Panama K:SPC-37608.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [817] Colombia K:SPC-27029.000 No
Harley, R.M.; et al. [22379] Brazil K:SPC-60164.000 No
Peru K:SPC-44885.000 No
Holm-Neilsen, L.; Jeppesen, S. [1511] Ecuador K:SPC-37136.000 No
Hágsater, E. [6933] Costa Rica K000463411 Type Yes
Harley, R.M. [18096] Brazil K:SPC-41018.000 No
Ecuador K:SPC-00565.000 No
Fleming, V. [VF 75] Ecuador K:SPC-61873.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [84337] Costa Rica K:SPC-75423.000 No
Spruce, R. [5956] Ecuador K000201538 Yes
Quelch, J.J; McConnell, F. [37] Guyana K000583711 Unknown Type Material Yes
Adams, B.R. [K37] Belize K:SPC-45771.000 No
K:SPC-26544.000 No
K:SPC-20190.000 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [693] Guyana K:SPC-09307.000 No
Philcox, D.; Stoelzel, V. [8398] K:SPC-40219.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-20220.000 No
Dematteis, M.; Coulleri, J.P.; Meza Torres, E.I.; Vega, A.J. [3645] Bolivia K000543662 No
Bahamas, The K:SPC-20219.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2137] Costa Rica K:SPC-31336.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K001445874 Yes
Taylor, P. [16271] Ecuador K:SPC-41573.000 No
Lugo, H.S. [1322] Ecuador K000718753 Yes
Erskine, C. [17427] Brazil K:SPC-37593.000 No
Spruce, R. [6078] Ecuador K000201528 Yes
Trinidad and Tobago K:SPC-29047.167 No
Mason, L.M. [2683] Brazil K:SPC-33329.000 No
Dayton, N.M.; Goercke, B. [2048] Ecuador K:SPC-57194.000 No
Spruce, R. [5956] Ecuador K000201539 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K000878145 Yes
Stannard, B.; Silva, T. [H52834] Brazil K:SPC-73104.000 No
K:SPC-20182.000 No
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Ecuador K000201530 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000943812 Unknown Type Material Yes
Grubb, P.J. [620] Colombia K:SPC-24017.000 No
Taylor, P. [13251] Ecuador K:SPC-41655.000 No
Brazil K:SPC-40393.000 No
K:SPC-19263.000 No
K:SPC-20172.000 No
Hágsater [3619] Mexico K000583756 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000878150 Yes
K:SPC-18391.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [586] Colombia K:SPC-23974.000 No
Stannard, B.; Silva, T. [H52820] Brazil K:SPC-73108.000 No
Muller, A. [1309] Brazil K:SPC-60172.000 No
Taylor, P. [13248] Ecuador K:SPC-41658.000 No
Taylor, P. [16321] Ecuador K:SPC-41530.000 No
Taylor, P. [13220] Panama K:SPC-41613.000 No
Stannard, B.; Nic Lughadha, E.; Queiroz, R.F. [H51169] Brazil K:SPC-57961.000 No
Lancaster, C.H. Costa Rica K:SPC-29298.000 No
Hágaster [3748] Mexico K000583757 Type Yes
Dayton, N.M.; Goercke, B. [2030] Ecuador K:SPC-57198.000 No
Taylor, P. [16351] Ecuador K:SPC-41546.000 No
Taylor, P. [13246] Ecuador K:SPC-41660.000 No
K:SPC-18404.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000943816 Unknown Type Material Yes
Spruce, R. [5041] Ecuador K000201547 Yes
Grubb, P.J. [528] Colombia K:SPC-26941.000 No
s.coll. [299] Guyana K000583713 Type Yes
Pollard [R-33] Mexico K000583773 Isotype Yes
Taylor, P. [13247] Ecuador K:SPC-41659.000 No
K:SPC-19718.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2016] Peru K:SPC-29267.000 No
Hágsater, E [6304] Panama K000463481 Type Yes
Venezuela K:SPC-28741.000 No
K:SPC-19258.000 No
K:SPC-18399.000 No
Purdie [s.n.] K000583963 Unknown Type Material Yes
Taylor, P. [16272] Ecuador K:SPC-41572.000 No
Parker [s.n.] Guyana K000583722 Type Yes
Sparre, B. [14866] Ecuador K000718166 Yes
Hágaster, E. [6559] Mexico K000583760 Type Yes
Colombia K:SPC-39320.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000878149 Yes
Mayo, S.; Madison, M. [339] Mexico K:SPC-43763.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2672] Brazil K:SPC-33276.000 No
K:SPC-18366.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-20193.000 No
Stannard, B.; Pirani, J.R.; Nic Lughadha, E. [H50812] Brazil K:SPC-57932.000 No
K:SPC-18398.000 No
Philcox, D. [4681] Brazil K:SPC-35279.000 No
Holm-Nielsen, L.; Jeppesen, S. [1131] Ecuador K:SPC-37140.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [664] Colombia K:SPC-23975.000 No
Brazil K:SPC-47953.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [584] Colombia K:SPC-26930.000 No
Milliken, W. [M.562] Brazil K:SPC-52804.000 No
Read, V.M.St [2] K:SPC-42622.000 No
Hágsater [4666 A] Mexico K000583766 Type Yes
Mexico K:SPC-18403.000 No
Stewart, J. [2181] Mexico K:SPC-50589.000 No
Brazil K:SPC-40355.000 No
Harley, R.M.; Nic Lughadha, E.; Sakuragui, C.M. [H50253] Brazil K:SPC-57931.000 No
K:SPC-06800.000 No
s.coll. [322] Guyana K000583710 Type Yes
Taylor, P. [16386] Ecuador K:SPC-41643.000 No
Edwards, P.J. [1256] Guyana K:SPC-45658.000 No
Philcox, D.; Phillips, B. [8306] Trinidad and Tobago K:SPC-40222.000 No
K:SPC-19260.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-06099.000 No
Spruce, R. [s.n.] Ecuador K000201534 Yes
Taylor, P. [71] Panama K:SPC-37856.000 No
Harley, R.; Storr, R. [19595] Brazil K:SPC-43413.000 No
Mexico K:SPC-19262.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2756] Peru K:SPC-34428.000 No
Taylor, P. [16318] Ecuador K:SPC-41527.000 No
Powell, C.W. [86] Panama K000583799 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-21512.000 No
K:SPC-07109.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000878148 Yes
Porter, C. [020] Ecuador K:SPC-47598.000 No
Brazil K:SPC-26332.020 No
Taylor, P. [16320] Ecuador K:SPC-41529.000 No
K:SPC-19717.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2362] Peru K:SPC-07715.000 No
K:SPC-25291.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000878146 Yes
Philcox, D. [6235] Guyana K:SPC-42678.000 No
Cotton, G. Colombia K:SPC-40069.000 No
K:SPC-20174.000 No
Lehmann, F.C. [8192] Ecuador Stenoglossum K000584247 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lindley [2] Ecuador Stenoglossum K000584246 Unknown Type Material Yes
Chase, M.W.C. [83348] Mexico Epidanthus K:SPC-75282.000 No
Adams, B.R. [247] Belize Epidanthus K:SPC-42102.000 No
Oerstedella K:SPC-18402.000 No
Adams, B.R. [273] Belize Oerstedella K:SPC-42377.000 No
Lankester, C.H. [K359] Costa Rica Oerstedella K000583943 Type Yes
Oerstedella K:SPC-18356.000 No
Oerstedella K:SPC-39369.000 No
[Baller W. W.] [5556] Grenada Oerstedella K000583944 Unknown Type Material Yes
Oerstedella K:SPC-19265.000 No
Mason, L.M. [1809] Bahamas, The Oerstedella K:SPC-28670.000 No
Oerstedella K:SPC-20209.000 No
Lankester, C.H. [K367] Costa Rica Oerstedella K000583942 Type Yes
Costa Rica Oerstedella K:SPC-32634.000 No
Oerstedella K:SPC-21528.000 No
Taylor, P. [13242] Panama Oerstedella K:SPC-41625.000 No
Lankester, C.H. Oerstedella K:SPC-21504.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2205] Peru Seraphyta K:SPC-31574.000 No
Taylor, P. [16388] Ecuador Amblostoma K:SPC-41645.000 No
Gailer, J.W. [31] Peru Kalopternix K:SPC-36427.000 No
Lanium K:SPC-13688.000 No
Physinga K:SPC-20212.000 No


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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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